Dr. Mark Pakan is a periodontist who has received 3 additional years of extensive training beyond dental school. He specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease as well as the placement of dental implants, and he is also trained in performing cosmetic periodontal procedures.
In the first visit, Dr. Pakan examine the gums, checks to see if there is any gum line recession, assesses how the teeth fit together when biting, and checks the teeth to see if any are loose.
The periodontist will also take a small measuring instrument called a probe and place it between the teeth and gums to determine the depth of those spaces, known as periodontal pockets. This helps the periodontist assess the health of the gums. X-rays will also be taken to observe the health of the bone below the gum line.
Untreated gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal disease, can advance to periodontitis and eventually lead to tooth loss and other health problems.
Poor oral hygiene, irregular professional dental cleanings, smoking or chewing tobacco, taking certain medications, defective fillings, crooked teeth, and systemic diseases are contributing factors to gum disease.
The main cause of periodontal (gum) disease is plaque, but other factors affect the health of your gums.
There are several types of treatment for gum problems.
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is caused when bacteria in plaque (a sticky, colorless film that forms in the mouth) builds up between the gums and teeth.